[This paper from India raises the possibility, perhaps unintentionally, that approval of nuclear trade between Indian and the US will open the door to a permanent seat for India on the UN Security Council because
Pakistan has suggested to China that the two should co-ordinate their positions at Vienna just as they had co-ordinated their positions on the issue of permanent membership of the UN Security Council for India.
The next three steps in India’s quest for civilian nuclear energy would be the approval of the draft of the India-specific safeguards agreement jointly prepared by officials of the Government of India and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) by the Board of Governors of the IAEA before it is formally signed by India and the IAEA, a consensus in the Nuclear Suppliers’ Group (NSG) on the removal of the restrictions on nuclear trade with India and the approval of the agreement (known as the 123 agreement) reached by the officials of the US and India by the US Congress.
2. While the decisions of the IAEA and the NSG would determine the conditions under which the member-countries of the IAEA and the NSG would trade with India in civilian nuclear matters, the US Congress would decide the conditions under which the US would trade with India in the nuclear field.
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